Learning Academy Model

LIGHTINGSome teachers have instructed students in Self-Regulation by adapting a Learning Academy Model (Zimmerman, Bonner, & Kovach, 1996). Learning Academies help students focus on behavior and emphasize expert and peer modeling, direct social feedback for performance efforts, and practice routines that involve goal-setting and self-monitoring. A great reliance is placed on tutoring and coaching during actual performance efforts. Students are taught to control their learning processes with self-monitoring and self-regulation so they can learn more with less effort by using the following steps:

  • Evaluate current level of mastery
  • Analyze the learning task
  • Set learning goals
  • Choose appropriate strategies to master material
  • Monitor own performance

Using this approach, teachers:

  1. shift the responsibility to the student – e.g., encourage students to exercise choices about how to accomplish learning activities; help student shift the focus of their regulation away from the teacher and onto salient cues in the learning task
  2. adopt a systematic instructional approach; a cyclic self-regulatory approach to learning
  3. demonstrate model (sequence is important: student observes model, imitates, practices in structured settings, then self-regulates by adapting to changing personal and contextual conditions)
  4. demonstrate effectiveness of self-regulatory techniques; keep records of student’s progress
  5. use verbal persuasion; support and encouragement, especially when student perceives that new strategies are not working

The teaching strategies associated with the Learning Academy Model:

  • break tasks into components
  • use direct assistance and explicit training
  • anticipate students’ questions; have clear policy
  • incorporate literary and other symbolic forms of information (pictures, diagrams, formulas)
  • link strategy use with improved performance, i.e., maintain portfolios; video or audio tape

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